Environment is the sum total of the surroundings or geographical area a person, animal, or plants live and it includes natural forces (water, air and so on). These living and non living things constantly interact within the environment; emphasis is on the impact of humans on these components.
The impacts are of great importance economically, socially and in policy formulation. As such there is a need to constantly check and control the activities of man to reduce or eradicate negative consequences as it affects the environment
Presently in Nigeria there is an increased level of consciousness as it relates to the relationship between development and the quality of the environment. Though there is still much to be done in terms of legislative backing. Nigeria like many other developing countries has various environmental issues like soil degradation, desertification, deforestation, erosion, flooding, environmental hygiene, pollution and so on.